Mr. Ryan Jabbour is a diamond miner, entrepreneur, and gemologist, who has devoted over a decade of his life to the world of fancy colored diamonds. Beginning in New York, NY, Mr. Jabbour commenced his career studying precious stones at the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), where he earned his Gemologist degree at the young age of twenty-one. He then began apprenticing with some of the top cutters and rough diamond inspectors in the world, and spent several years in New York’s diamond district, where he gained a wealth of understanding in the jewelry business. At the age of 24, Mr. Jabbour opened his first of several jewelry stores, and learned the art of connecting long-lasting relationships with clients and connoisseurs alike.
Always fascinated with the natural splendor and creation of diamonds, Mr. Jabbour began traveling the globe as early as 18 years old in search of more knowledge, and in the process, established relationships with some of the top miners in the world; with vast connections in Brazil, the Congo, Guinea, and Canada. Although he built amazing connections with alluvial concessions in his travels, it wasn’t long until Mr. Jabbour decided to invest his time fully operational mining operations and after careful consideration and research, opted to begin his exploration in Menais Gerais, Brazil, where diamonds were previously thought to have been thoroughly mined. But with the turn of the century, new technologies and understandings in diamond mining made it possible to see what others previously did not. It was Mr. Jabbours keen insight and knowledge that caused him to take advantage of this pristine diamond locale.
Not only does he take advantage of Brazil’s abundant mining opportunities, but Mr. Jabbours’ philosophy and commitment to the environment extends far beyond the governmental requirements of his concessions. His personal commitment to work with companies that replace vegetation by threefold makes the word “green” anything but a taboo or trend; it is a philosophy and passion in which preserves the geography of where the diamonds are mined. Community donations to local neighborhoods and schools are just some of the other various commitments to his credit. Mr. Ryan Jabbour truly believes in the philosophy of: “An open hand is able to give and receive. Part of what is gained from the land must be shared with the people who inhabit it.”
After over a decade of mining knowledge, a disconnect became evident between the relationships built with clients in his jewelry stores and the typical route a colored diamond goes through in the mining world. Mr. Jabbour began realizing that selling his fancy colored rough diamonds to wholesalers was no longer a viable option, because the relationships he yearned to establish with his clients was not available; wholesalers, diamond cutters, brokers, and the like stood between him and who he wanted to do business with: the client.
In response to this understanding, JABBOURS INC was opened with the goal of skipping middle men and directly reaching those serious about attaining tangible and secure assets. Mr. Jabbour relies on the assistance of those savvy with not only fancy colored diamonds, but human relationships.
“…The market for fancy color diamonds is truly an arena in which collectors do battle to possess these ultimately rare and spectacular objects … the number of these stones available at any one time is so small, that statistics cannot be applied, and the price of every stone is as unique as the object in question …”
What is Alluvial Mining?
Today, diamonds are mined in about 25 countries, on every continent but Europe and Antarctica (AMNH, 2006). Although most diamond mining is accomplished by large companies, in many developing countries, diamonds and other minerals are extracted by small- scale miners working in the informal sector. These small-scale miners often use simple artisanal mining techniques in alluvial deposits.
The process of alluvial diamond mining involves digging and sifting through mud, sand and gravel using shovels, sieves, or even bare hands. Typically, diamonds come from geologic rock formations called Kimberlites. Kimberlite rock formations that contain diamonds are eroded over time by rivers and streams and can deposit diamonds in the sediments carried by those streams farther downstream from the original source rocks. These deposits are called alluvial diamond deposits. The locations of these alluvial diamond deposits are controlled by the surrounding topography, drainage patterns, and the location of the Kimberlites themselves. Alluvial deposits are often mined and exploited by small-scale miners using artisanal mining techniques.
Artisanal mining techniques result in working with simple tools and equipment, usually in the informal sector, and outside the legal and regulatory framework. Artisanal operations are characterized by low productivity, lack of safety measures and high environmental impact. As a result, the majority of the artisanal miners are very poor, exploit marginal deposits with minimal returns, and are exposed to harsh and often dangerous conditions (IIED, 2006).
Artisanal and small-scale mining occurs primarily in rural areas where it represents the most promising, if not the only, income opportunity available. However, the mining activities are often viewed negatively by governments, large companies, and environmentalists.
Open-pit mining, open-cut mining or opencast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining. Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rock are found near the surface; that is, where the overburden (surface material covering the valuable deposit) is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunneling (as would be the case for sand, cinder, and gravel). For minerals that occur deep below the surface – where the overburden is thick or the mineral occurs as veins in hard rock – underground mining methods extract the valued material. Open-pit mines that produce building materials and dimension stone are commonly referred to as quarries. Open-pit mines are typically enlarged until either the mineral resource is exhausted, or an increasing ratio of overburden to ore makes further mining uneconomic. When this occurs, the exhausted mines are sometimes converted to landfills for disposal of solid wastes. However, some form of water control is usually required to keep the mine pit from becoming a lake, if the mine is situated in a climate of considerable precipitation or if any layers of the pit forming the mine border productive aquifers.